Over the years, archaeologists have found on earth some truly amazing things, from ancient cities that rewrite the history books, to objects that are still a huge mystery. Usually people don’t show a particular interest for archaeology, but when it come to big discoveries everyone turned their attention to them. Here is a list of 12 most impressive things found by archaeologists.
1. The Mount Owen Moa.
The claw in the picture belongs to Upland Moa, a flightless bird that became extinct about 500 years ago. When researchers found such a well preserved claw together with a pile of bones, they were in shock. The discovery was made in the caves of Mount Owen in New Zealand. Later examination showed that the claw was 3000-year-old.
2. The Gate Of The Sun.
This ancient monument is a stone structure that, just like Stonehenge, remains a bit of a mystery to this day. It can be found in Bolivia standing at 13,000 feet. This area is believed to be the first place where the first humans originated. The Gate Of the Sun is engraved with symbols which are believed to have had astronomical and astrological importance.
3. Gobekli Tepe.
This site was found atop a mountain ridge in Turkey, and it’s importance it’s due to the fact that it helped scientists to understand better the development of human society. A quite interesting fact is that the temple was build before the city that surrounded it. This shows that religion was highly valued.
4. The Longyou Grottoes.
These man made caves are located in China. They are carved from siltstone and yet to this day their origins are still a mystery. Although they are thought to date back before the Qin Dynasty, 212 BCE, there is no record of them in the history.
5. Yonaguni Monument.
The whopping structure can be found off the coast of Yonaguni, Japan. It is formed out of flat edges that have 90 degree angles. to this day it is unknown if the structure is man made or mother nature’s hand.
6. Stone Age Tunnels.
Dating back to the Stone Age, this incredible and enormous network of underground tunnels is completely man-made. The only question that hasn’t been answered yet is how was it possible for something like this to be build in that era.
7. Unfinished Obelisk.
This is the largest known ancient obelisk and it is located in Aswan, Egypt. If it would have been finished the structure would have measured 137 ft (42 meters) and would have weighed nearly 1,200 tons. It was carved out of bedrock but after the granite cracked, it was abandoned.
8. Costa Rica’s Stone Spheres.
Across Costa Rica there are scattered hundreds of granodiorite spheres. Their sizes range from 3 meters to 3 or 4 centimeters in diameter. No archaeologist was able to understand and explain their presence.
9. L’Anse aux Meadows.
This site found in Newfoundland, Canada, is 1,000-year-old is a viking settlement and shows that Vikings made it to North America long before Christopher Columbus.
10. The Voynich Manuscript.
This manuscript is covered in mystery. To this day the language it is written in is unknown. In 2014, two different groups claimed to have solved the puzzle, but the views they had were completely different. While one group considered the manuscript as being written in an extinct Mexican dialect, the other one said it was a coded Asian language.
Outskirts of the city of Cusco, Peru, there is a wall made out of stacked stones and boulders that are fitted together without any kind of mortar. The fit is so exact that a simple sheet of paper can not be slided between them.
Located in Sindh, Pakistan, this site is one of the world’s earliest major urban settlements. The site is valuable because it shows signs of social organization, city planning and a draining system. It is estimated that in that area lived around 40,000 people.